Alzheimer’s Disease: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

The course of Alzheimer’s disease is progressive, and thus, it is a formidable health enemy that is present nearly in every household globally. There are two major problems that is caused by Alzheimer’s disease. These problems are cognitive decline and memory loss. These two problems are followed by the changes in behavior. Besides that, there is the increased burden on the patients, caregivers, and healthcare providers. In this article we’ll do a brief review of etiology, pathology, and current treatment of Alzheimer’s disease.

Causes of Alzheimer’s Disease:

  • Genetics: It is not known fully how Alzheimer’s plays out but one thing is not missable i. e. that genetics have a role to ply in it. Genetics play a significant role in the development of late-onset Alzheimer’s disease by certain gene changes, in particular those in the Amyloid Precursor Protein (APP) and Presenilin genes. To know more consult a best Neurologist in Lahore today.
  • Environmental Factors: Some of the environmental factors, like exposure to toxic substances or head injuries, can increase one’s chances of developing this disease, taking the fact of their interaction with genetic factors into account.
  • Age: Among all other factors, advanced age is the number one risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease, as the greater part of cases shows in the persons after age 65. With the growing life expectancy, Alzheimer’s is expecting to increase in prevalence.

Symptoms of Alzheimer’s Disease: 

  • Memory Loss: The one of the evident initial symptoms of Alzdhiemer’s disease is the tendency to forget the last events or the details of a certain situation which usually can be noticed once the detailed memory of a person starts to disappear.
  • Cognitive Decline: With time and as the disease progresses, the person may experience quite many problems in learning a language, problem-solving and decision-making processes. 
  • Disorientation and Confusion: Alzheimer’s is a type of dementia, and its patients may appear disoriented with time or place anxiety, having difficulties in using familiar means.
  • Changes in Mood and Behavior: Mood changes, irritation, agitations, and social distancing could be Alzheimer’s disease symptoms anyone can notice.
  • Loss of Motor Skills: As the disease progresses, the patients of Alzheimer’s may have problems with gross motor skills, such as standing and walking steady, and with fine motor skills, like writing, drawing, or performing other tasks that require precision and coordination.

Treatment Options for Alzheimer’s Disease:

Medications: Unfortunately there isn’t a cure discovered for Alzheimer’s disease yet. Doctors can prescribe medications that help manage your symptoms better; can slow disease progression.

Lifestyle Modifications: What are the healthy lifestyle habits you need in this disease? You must do regular exercise, eat a healthy balanced diet, engage socially and mental stimulation. This helps to support brain health and improve quality of life for Alzheimer’s patients.

Caregiver Support: Alzheimer’s patients often require ongoing support and care from family members or professional caregivers. These caregiver programs can be beneficial for mental support of patients going through this hardship.


Alzheimer’s disease is a severely debilitating condition that can have a negative effect on patients’ quality of life. With medications, psychological support and raising awareness Alzheimer patients can lead better lives. Talk to a Neurologist in Karachi for Alzheimer’s to know about your management options for the disease.

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